Tropheus Pemba/Bemba PDF Print E-mail
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General information - Tropheus Pemba/Bemba is maybe one of the

most common and well familiar tropheus species all over the world and

one of the most striking species. It has semi elongated dark black body

with a shiny wide diagonal orange/red stripe. Like its entire genus the

bemba/pemba must be kept in large groups in the tank in order to

spread its natural aggressions.    

Common Name – Orange flame, red flame, Bemba 

Scientific Name - Tropheus sp. “Black” Bemba/Pemba  

Family – Cichlidae  

Tropheus Pemba/Bemba (Orange flame, red flame)
photo by: philip

Origin - Lake Tanganyika, Africa 

Size – Up to 15 cm (6 in) 

First discovered - Marlier 1959 

Nutrition - Herbivorous, All Tropheus share the same diet; they are all herbivores, in the wild they scrape

algae and feed on small invertebrates found on rocks. They should be fed with veggie based foods. In

captivity it requires a varied diet, quality veggie flakes should be supplemented with fresh and frozen

green food. It can feed with "light" frozen foods such as brine shrimp or daphnia 1-2 times a week but

feeding it on a daily basis or with rich protein foods such as bloodworms can lead to Malawi bloat or to

internal parasites. Feeding the Pemba/Bemba with nori algae can enhance its natural colors. 

Behavior - Aggressive 

Maintenance and care - This beautiful cichlid should be kept in groups in large aquariums. The

aquarium should be decorated with lot of rocks that creates a lot of hiding places but also requires

plenty of room to swim. The tank can be decorated with only few rocks that placed randomly in the

tank. To be accurate the tank can be decorated with heavy rock formation or with 3-4 rocks but

poor rock formation will lead to territorial fights. In nature, the Pemba/Bemba found in rocky

environments, in its natural habitat the water is rich in oxygen and its fish tank should therefore

have vigorous water movements. Good filtration system is also essential to this magnificent cichlid.   

Water Parameters – Temperature: 24C-27C, PH: 8-9, dGH: 8-20   

Breeding - Males are usually bigger but it is difficult to sex between them. Tropheus Pemba/Bemba

are mouthbrooders. The female will take the unfertilized eggs in her mouth; eggs will be fertilized after

the male release his milt into her mouth. This process occurs when the female follow the male very

close to his anal fin. Fry are released within 27-30 days and can be feed with fry foods, brine shrimp or

with crushed flake food.